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What Are Chromosomes?

Chromosomes

Say: KRO-muh-soamz

Your body is made up of billions of cells, which are too small to see without a strong microscope. Inside most of those cells are chromosomes, which are thread-like strands that contain hundreds, or even thousands, of genes. Genes determine physical traits, such as the color of your eyes. Most people have 23 pairs of chromosomes — half from their mother and the other half from their father. Even after you're born, your 46 chromosomes continue to guide the way your body grows and develops.