3. Do a screening test that checks for signs of depression.
4. Ask questions, address concerns, and offer advice about:
Eating. Young adults should eat 3 meals a day that include lean protein, at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and at least 3 servings of dairy products or fortified soy milk. Limit food and drinks that are high in fat, salt, and sugar.
Sleeping. Young adults need about 7–9 hours of sleep per night. Poor sleep makes them less alert and can cause problems at work or school. Follow a relaxing bedtime routine and turn off electronic devices, including smartphones and computers, before bed.
Physical activity. Each week, young adults should aim for 150 minutes of moderate physical activity (like fast walking) or 75 minutes of vigorous activity (like running).
Growth and development. By 21, it's common for young adults to:
develop a sense of self
value individual relationships over peer groups
become more independent from parents
think abstractly to solve problems
have long-term plans for the future
5. Do anexam. The doctor will look at the skin and listen to the heart and lungs. Young women should have a pap smear and may be referred to a gynecologist. In guys, the doctor will check the testicles for lumps, hernias, and varicocele (swollen veins).
6. Update immunizations.Immunizations can protect people from serious illnesses, so it's important to get them on time. Immunization schedules vary from office to office, so talk to the doctor about what to expect.
Don't drink and drive. Never get in a car with someone who has been drinking or using drugs. Instead, make plans with a designated driver or call for a ride.
Prevent gun injuries by not keeping a gun in the home. If you do have a gun, keep it unloaded and locked away. Ammunition should be locked up separately.
Talk to your doctor if you're concerned about your living situation. Do you have enough food, a safe place to live, and health insurance? You doctor can point you toward community resources or refer you to a social worker who can help.
These checkup sheets are consistent with the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)/Bright Futures guidelines.