Being overweight is the main reason that people get metabolic syndrome. Being overweight or obese causes insulin resistance. Normally, insulin helps glucose enter the body's cells. Insulin resistance happens when the body doesn't respond properly to insulin, making it harder for glucose to enter the cells. Insulin resistance and inflammation add to the problems linked to metabolic syndrome.
What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome?
Some normal weight people can have high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease. But most people with metabolic syndrome are overweight. In kids, as obesity gets worse, metabolic syndrome becomes more likely.
Obesity and the problems associated with metabolic syndrome tend to run in families. Other things that put someone at risk for metabolic syndrome include:
Because metabolic syndrome and obesity tend to go hand-in-hand, doctors might order more tests to look for other weight-related problems, like fatty liver, PCOS, and apnea.
How Is Metabolic Syndrome Treated?
Metabolic syndrome is treated by making positive lifestyle changes. Weight loss can bring about big improvements in blood pressure, blood sugar, and lipids. Slowing the rate of weight gain or maintaining weight in children who are still growing also will help.
Families can work with their health care provider, a dietitian, or a weight management program to create healthy habits. Recommendations include:
When lifestyle changes aren't enough, children may need treatment for the medical problems, like hypertension. Doctors might recommend weight loss surgery for some teens with metabolic syndrome and severe obesity who do not respond to lifestyle changes.